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Managing the Mind: Raja Yoga Meditation Practitioners Differ in Approaches to Calming Mind

By Devika Koppikar

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Sister Jenna and patrons of the Meditation Museum in Silver Spring demonstrate “open eye”meditation. From top left to bottom right are Narcisa Perju (McLean), Ed Stevenson (Miami), Sister Gita(Silver Spring), Suja Turner (McLean), Sister Jenna (McLean) and Khelan Dettani (Arlington).

Before her current vocation as a disciple of the Brahma Kumaris, http://www.bkwsu.org, Sister Jenna (Jenna Mahraj), a McLean resident, owned two nightclubs in Miami. However, a series of visions led her to Mount Abu, in Rajasthan, the Brahman Kumaris headquarters. Brahman Kumaris is an international movement that facilitates spiritual knowledge.

“In India, I had a profound experience of peace and deflected all my negative memories,” said Sister Jenna. “I came back different. It felt unnatural to go back to my old life. So I choose a more evolved way of living in compassion, service, love and community.”

Now established as a spiritual leader, she has traveled all over the world to conduct workshops and retreats. In 2009, Sister Jenna became the founder and director of the Meditation Museum in Silver Spring, where she, along with volunteers and support from the Brahma Kumaris offer instruction in raja yoga meditation or “knowledge of oneself.”

“In those days (as a nightclub owner), I was making everyone intoxicated with alcohol. And here (at the Meditation Museum), I make everyone intoxicated with spirituality” quipped Sister Jenna. “I’m in the same profession.”

At the museum, Sister Jenna and her associates teach an ancient form of meditation (an umbrella term for ways to relax the mind) called Raja Yoga meditation. “Raja” means king and “yoga” means “union” in Sanskrit, the ancient language of India and basis for many Eastern religious texts.

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Murugan Balasubramanian, a master of raja yoga for more than 19 years, demonstrates “closed-eye”meditation, which he says takes many years to learn.
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Murugan Balasubramanian, a master of raja yoga for more than 19 years, demonstrates one of 245asanas or yoga poses. He prescribes to the philosophy that one must first master the asanas andbreathing exercises before doing full-scale meditation.

According to raja yoga expert Murugan Balasubramanian, this form of yoga is called “raja yoga” because the mind is supposed to be the king among the organs. Created before written language, a sage named Patanjali recorded the philosophy and practices of raja yoga meditation in the Yoga Sutras around 150 B.C.

Sister Jenna, who has practiced this meditation since the early 1990’s, said “the focus of raja yoga meditation is to become conscious of your thoughts that emerge from your soul, identify them, transform the negative thoughts and compulsions into pure feelings which then inspires you to connect with the supreme source (or spiritual center) and contribute to the world. She continued, “Meditation helps you disconnect from damaging habits of thought, feeling and reaction. With raja yoga, we reignite the virtues of the soul.”

Balasubramanian, who is not connected to the museum and offers private raja yoga sessions in Loudon County, added, “In raja yoga, the mind is the instrument for looking inwards and uncovering the self. In order to uncover the self, or our spiritual center, we have to calm the waves of thought. So the first step in raja yoga is to regulate the mind – to check out the outward tendency and allow the mind’s attention inward. When we do this, an individual can discriminate and thereby only allow positive and peaceful thoughts to flow into the mind.”

Psychologists say people have more than 60,000 thoughts per day—most of which arise in an eclectic way. For this reason, many meditation schools refer to the mind as the “monkey mind.”

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“Waves of thoughts rise up and fall away as a result of the impressions we take in from the external world so that sometimes, the mind becomes restless and disturbed and sometimes, it is calm,” said Balasubramanian, who’s originally from Chennai.

Sister Jenna (Jenna Maharaj), a Jamaican American whose father is from India added, “There are two factors within every soul — the ‘light part’ and the ‘not-so-light part.’ The ‘light’ is made up of love, peace, purity, truth and joy. ALGAE — an acronym for anger, lust, greed, attachment and ego — makes up the ‘not-so-light’ part.

While both Sister Jenna and Balasubramanian agree on the basic premise of raja yoga meditation, their approaches toward its practice differ.

Through the museum, Sister Jenna and her associates facilitate raja yoga meditation through many avenues including practical workshops on healthy cooking, finances, personal goals, and stress management; exhibits intended to provoke peaceful thoughts and “pure feelings,” and a “quiet room” to sit in silence and become aware of one’s thoughts. The museum also offers daily meditation sessions both in Silver Spring and the Brahma Kumaris’ private ashram in McLean.

Regarding meditation sessions, Sister Jenna and her team practice a method called “open eye” meditation, where the practitioner sits up straight in a lotus pose, with his or her eyes open.

“The reason for open eye meditation is important because a majority of our lives are spent with our eyes open,” said Sister Jenna. “Open eye meditation trains you to be more connected with internal awareness and the world. In your daily life, if someone comes to you in an angry mood – you can’t just close your eyes and chant until they disappear. Rather, you have to be in internal awareness and realize that they (the angry people) are not in a good state.”

For Mclean resident Suja Turner, learning raja yoga meditation techniques through the museum and the ashram has helped her deal with taking care of her elderly parents.

“Before, life seemed like a roller coaster. But with meditation, life is more stable and I’m better able to deal with the ups and downs,” said Turner, who was born in Kerala and raised as a Christian in Dallas. “[Raja yoga] helps me gain a sense of peace instead of blaming others. It allows me to connect with the core of who I am and have a conversation with God.”

While Balasubramanian has experienced the same benefits that the Brahma Kumaris do, he disagrees with their methods, especially “open eye meditation,” he said.

According to Balasubramanian, meditation is a state where a person’s eyes are closed, body is still—almost frozen—and mind is focused on one point for an extended period of time. This takes many years of training.
“To calm your mind, you need to do physical exercises first. You must take care of your body, then only you can do full meditation. If you go directly to meditation, it could cause problems,” said Balasubramanian.

He explained that these problems include physical problems such as headaches or drowsiness from sitting in one place for a long period of time; mental problems due to the mind’s tendency to wander and develop frustrations and not developing the right rhythmic calmness due to shallow breathing.

To avoid these potential challenges, Balasubramanian, who holds private raja yoga sessions in South Riding and Ashburn, leads students through the series of yoga poses (called asanas) and deep breathing exercises. His classes are held during weekend mornings.

Currently an I.T. professional, he began learning about raja yoga during graduate school. Stressed out from a competitive academic environment, Balasubramanian sought out Sri Gnana Jyothi Sampangi, a traditional raja yoga master at the Rajayoga Bodhana Sevashramam, Inc. in Dadapuram, Tamil Nadu.

“Only after students have fully mastered the asanas and breathing techniques, can they proceed to meditation,” said Balasubramanian, who has mastered 245 asanas and has been able to meditate for up to an hour.

Suganya Nelatoor, a dentist who lives in Ashburn, said that taking the raja yoga sessions with Balasubramanian helped her in serving her patients.

“Because of my occupation, I had problems in my neck, shoulder and back. But after taking up raja yoga, I have seen tremendous improvement. I’ve been able to use muscles that I didn’t know I had,” said Nelatoor, who’s originally from Chennai and has taken raja yoga for two years. “Also, the breathing exercises have helped me calm my mental stress and focus. My concentration has increased.”

For Kamala Azhagan, a banker who also lives in Ashburn, the yoga poses and deep breathing have helped her improve her sleep. She also experiences calmness due to raja yoga.

“When I am doing the exercises, I’m totally relaxed and my body becomes light,” said Azhagan, who grew up in Chennai. “But I have yet to do the full scale meditation because I’ve only practiced for a year.”

While the Brahma Kumaris don’t emphasize the importance of a guru, Balsubramanian says having one is critical.

“Because of my master’s (Sampangi) blessings, I am able to learn, practice, teach and spread ancient raja yoga techniques to whoever is interested,” said Balasubramanian. “It’s very important to learn raja yoga from an experienced and trained master, because there is a detailed and specific process that is tested and safe.”
For more information about the groups discussed in the article, visit:
Meditation Museum: http://www. http://www.meditationmuseum.org
Brahma Kumaris: http://www.bkwsu.org
Murugan Balasubramanian’s group: http://www.rajayoga.org

 

 

 

 

Comments

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3 comments

  1. I’m greatly indebted to my master Mr.Balasubramanian who taught us Raja yoga with lot of dedication. I appreciate his encouragement and guidance.I practice Raja Yoga every day. Today if I don’t do yoga even for a single day I feel that I miss something!! Yoga has helped me a lot. I used to have back pain which got cured because of practicing Raja Yoga.I strongly recommend yoga for all the people-especially for the people who have stress and for the people who are suffering from back pain.

  2. MUTHUSETHURAMAN RAJARATHINAM

    MUTHUSETHURAMAN
    SECRETARY, RAJAYOGA BODHANA SEVASRAMAM, DADAPURAM, TAMILNADU, INDIA.
    Best wishes to our YOGARATHNA MURUGAN. We all learned raja yoga in the same fraternity under our GURU SRI GNANAJOADHI SAMPANGI. We are very grateful to murugan for teaching raja yoga sincerely. May the almighty bless all your practitioners for their well being. SRI GURUVE NAMA:

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